Lighting is a key factor in the healthy growth of any plant. So when you’re planning a greenhouse, it’s important that you give some consideration to the kind of lighting you’ll be using. Selecting a suitable lighting system will ensure that your plants grow faster and remain healthy. Here are various things you should be alert to so as to find the most appropriate greenhouse lighting system for your situation.
1. The first thing you should try to do is establish the quantity of light you will require. The factors you will need to bear in mind are the type of plants you’re going to cultivate and also the size of your structure. Fruits, flowers and tall plants must have more light than some other plants. Greenhouses located outside typically require 25 watts for each square foot. But an interior greenhouse will require no less than two times the amount of light.
2. The kind of light you use must be suitable for the plants you’re growing. The form of light waves that are given off affect plant growth to a great extent. For example, if you are aiming for the the best growing conditions for fruit or flowers, choose high pressure sodium lights. Their light waves are in the red spectrum, and this stimulates the growth hormones in the plants. If you’re cultivating leafy plants, they’ll thrive beneath blue spectrum light waves, which metal halide is better at providing.
3. Your lights shouldn’t make your plants too hot, since this can cause them to die. Some forms of lighting give off more warmth than other types, like incandescent bulbs. This isn’t the best choice anyhow, as the incandescent light isn’t adequate for the majority of plants to thrive. A more suitable option is fluorescent lights, which release significantly less heat. It’s best to check how much heat each lighting option creates before making your purchase.
4. Use lights designed to give good results without eating up substantial amounts of power. High intensity discharge (HID) lights are the most energy efficient kind of lighting available. Sorry to say, they’re also the most expensive to buy. Another option is LCD grow bulbs, which are a common pick thanks to their excellent energy efficiency. Another benefit is that they give off less heat than many other types of lighting.
Whatever the sort of greenhouse lighting you choose, it’s important that you don’t neglect to turn them off from time to time. For optimal growth, plants need a certain amount of darkness. Turn off the lights for 6 to 12 hours each day in your greenhouse, depending on what kind of plants you’re growing.Tags: light